Events
Events
2020
The 2nd SPARC Japan Seminar 2020
"Prospects of Preprints Contributing to the Diversity in Scholarly Communications."
Date&Time December 18, 2020 / 13:00-17:05
Place Online

The event was held on December 18, 2020. 251 people participated.

Please find more infomation on the Japanese page. Some slides,videos and documents are available only on Japanese version page.

The 2nd SPARC Japan Seminar 2020 border=

The 2nd SPARC Japan Seminar 2020

The 2nd SPARC Japan Seminar 2020

The 2nd SPARC Japan Seminar 2020

The 2nd SPARC Japan Seminar 2020

The 2nd SPARC Japan Seminar 2020

The 2nd SPARC Japan Seminar 2020

The 2nd SPARC Japan Seminar 2020

Outline
 The practice of sharing research results through preprints is rapidly spreading in multiple fields and has been discussed several times in the previous SPARC Japan seminars. Currently, the use of preprints is even more accelerated triggered by COVID-19. In addition, not only servers focused on specific fields, such as arXiv, appeared as platforms for publishing preprints, but also services that cover the flow of open peer-review and publication, such as F1000 Research, academic SNSs such as Research Gate, and new services provided by academic publishers.
 In this seminar, we will look at the direction of preprints by sharing the latest trends and objectives of the preprint publication on various platforms. In the discussion, we will focus on the four issues raised as barriers to bibliodiversity in scholarly communications in Fostering Bibliodiversity in Scholarly Communications: A Call for Action by Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR). These are, namely: 1) Dominance of English as the lingua franca; 2) Concentration of infrastructures and services; 3) Limited funding models; and 4) Narrow focus on journal-based policy measures.  
 In the panel discussion, we focus on the four issues to what extent the diversity in scholarly communication can be achieved by examining various roles of preprints around the four issues.
Program
Moderator:Nobuhiro Yabuki (Office of Institutional Research and Decision Support / Research Initiatives and Promotion Organization, Yokohama National University)
Time

Title

Speaker

13:00-13:05

Opening Greeting / Outline

Nobuhiro Yabuki
(Office of Institutional Research and Decision Support / Research Initiatives and Promotion Organization, Yokohama National University)

13:05-13:35

Publishing Preprints via Institutional Repositories

[Abstract]

Masashi Kawai
(Research Center for Open Science and Data Platform, National Institute of Informatics)

13:35-14:05

University of Tsukuba's Initiatives toward a Global Standard of Making Research Results Available

[Abstract]

Yukihito Morimoto
(University of Tsukuba, Research Administration/Management Office, Research Administrator(URA))

14:05-14:35

Research communication in the age of COVID-19 – a publisher’s initiatives on preprints

[Abstract]

Antoine Bocquet
(Springer Nature (Japan))

14:35-14:50

Break

14:50-15:20

Current status and issues in the use of preprints and SNS in life science research

[Abstract]

Hidemasa Bono
(Program Biomedical Science, Graduate School of Integrated Sciences for Life, Hiroshima University)

15:20-15:50

Dynamics on Research Cycles Incited by Preprint

[Abstract]

Takashi Hikihara
(Director General of Library Network, Kyoto University)

15:50-16:00

Break

16:00-17:00

Panel Discussion

[[ Moderator ]]
*Ui Ikeuchi
(Faculty of Language and Literature, Bunkyo University)
*Tomomi Yamagata
(Hokkaido University Library)

[[ Panelist ]]
*Masashi Kawai
(Research Center for Open Science and Data Platform, National Institute of Informatics)

*Yukihito Morimoto
(University of Tsukuba, Research Administration/Management Office)

*Antoine Bocquet
(Springer Nature (Japan))

*Hidemasa Bono
(Program Biomedical Science, Graduate School of Integrated Sciences for Life, Hiroshima University)

*Takashi Hikihara
(Director General of Library Network, Kyoto University)

17:00-17:05

Closing

Hideaki Takeda
(National Institute of Informatics)

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Speaker
Masashi Kawai (Project Researcher, Research Center for Open Science and Data Platform, National Institute of Informatics)

Completed the doctoral program at the Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University. At the Research Center for Open Science and Data Platform, Kawai is in charge of data analysis and is involved in processing the usage statistics of systems.

Yukihito Morimoto (University of Tsukuba, Research Administration/Management Office, Research Administrator(URA))

Born in Kyoto. Obtained a doctorate (economics) degree from the Graduate School of Economics, Kansai University. After working at URA at Kansai University, Morimoto moved to the headquarter of URA at the University of Tsukuba in 2013. In 2017, Morimoto applied for a patent from the field of humanities and sociologies (Japanese Patent Application No. 2017-138751), and, in 2018, received a Grant-in-Aid for Encouragement of Scientists as part of his work at URA.

Antoine Bocquet (Springer Nature (Japan) Managing Director)

Antoine Bocquet is Vice President Institutional Sales, Japan, Southeast Asia and Oceania for Springer Nature, based in Tokyo, and has over 20 years’ experience in the academic publishing industry in the Asia-Pacific. He also holds the position of Managing Director of the Springer Nature companies in Japan. He is responsible for all Institutional sales in the regions of Japan, Southeast Asia and Oceania, and during his career has led publishing programs in Asia, founded a medical communications business in Japan and been a book commissioning editor. An Australian by birth, Tony holds a Ph.D. from The University of Tokyo (Physics) and is a graduate of Griffith University in Brisbane. He has lived permanently in Japan since 1994.

Hidemasa Bono (Ph.D, Project Professor, Program Biomedical Science, Graduate School of Integrated Sciences for Life, Hiroshima University)

After the initiation of FANTOM(Functional Annotation of Mouse) project in RIKEN, he joined the MEXT Integrated Database Project at Database Center for Life Science(DBCLS), which was established in Research Organization of Information and Systems(ROIS). In DBCLS, he launched the project TogoTV(an archive of tutorial videos expounding how to use biological databases and tools), and then he tackled the technology development of database integration in tight collaboration with DNA Data Bank of Japan(DDBJ) in the National Institute of Genetics. Since 2020, he became a project professor in the graduate school of integrated sciences for life, Hiroshima University for bioinformatics education in the frontier development program for genome editing. In parallel, he launched the genome informatics laboratory (bonohulab) for the development of database technologies for genome editing and functional genomics by bioinformatic approach.

Takashi Hikihara (Director General of Library Network, Kyoto University)

He has been at Kyoto University since 1997 and is a full professor in Department of Electrical Engineering, Kyoto University. His research field is in nonlinear dynamics and its application, measurement and system control, and power processing. He has also been the Director General of Library Network of Kyoto University since 2012. As the Director, he led Kyoto University to declare Open Access Policy in 2015, Open Data Policy in 2020, which will open the way to open science and the inevitable digital transform of library and scientific activities. 2016-2018 arXiv.org MAB.

Nobuhiro Yabuki (Associate Professor, Office of Institutional Research and Decision Support / Research Administrator, Research Initiatives and Promotion Organization, Yokohama National University)

A Member of the SPARC Japan Seminar 2020 planning working group. Associate Professor, Office of Institutional Research and Decision Support / Research Administrator, Research Initiatives and Promotion Organization, Yokohama National University. He accomplished credits for the doctoral program in International Political Economy, Graduate School Of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Tsukuba. After studying on international relations in large-scale science projects as a Junior Researcher at the University of Tsukuba from 2012 to 2014, he started his career as a University Research Administrator (URA) at Yokohama National University in 2014. He moved to his current post in April 2020. He is working on science and technology policy studies, institutional research activities, promoting open science in the university.

Ui Ikeuchi (Faculty of Language and Literature, Bunkyo University)

Ui Ikeuchi is an assistant professor in the Faculty of Language and Literature at Bunkyo University since 2019 and a Ph.D. in Library and Information Science. She has a Bachelor of Law degree (1995) and a Master of Library and Information Science degree (1997) from Keio University. After working at Ferris University Library from 1997 to 2005, she became a housewife and entered the doctoral program at the University of Tsukuba. Her research focuses on research data sharing and open science. She is a senior researcher of Japan Center for Constructing Data Infrastructure for the Humanities and Social Sciences (JSPS) and a collaborative researcher of Open Team Science (RIHN). She is also a member of the SPARC Japan Seminar 2020 planning working group.

Tomomi Yamagata (Hokkaido University Library)

Tomomi Yamagata is a librarian of Hokkaido University,and a member of SPARC Japan seminar working group. She is also a member of OA2020 taskforce of Japan Alliance of University Library Consortia for E-Resources(JUSTICE). Her main interest is changes in scholarly communication by spreading of Open Access movement.

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Abstract
Publishing Preprints via Institutional Repositories
(Masashi Kawai)

In this presentation, I will examine the feasibility of publishing preprints via institutional repositories. Specifically, I will discuss the background to the demand for institutional repositories functioning as a preprint server and the potential issues that can be expected in the implementation. In addition, I will mention the impact of these functional changes in institutional repositories on the bibliodiversity in scholarly communication.

University of Tsukuba's Initiatives toward a Global Standard of Making Research Results Available
(Yukihito Morimoto)

Amid the strong demand for disseminating the research results from humanities and sociologies and making them relevant to society, the University of Tsukuba has been discussing about new measures for evaluation and dissemination of research results with the aim to domestically and internationally showcase the research results and their quality from Japanese humanities and sociology research. As a result, we have developed iMD (index for Measuring Diversity), which measures the diversity of academic journals. We are also building a system to deliver knowledge from humanities to a wider audience by using the University of Tsukuba Gateway, and this is scheduled to be launched at the end of November as a new method of communicating scholarly information.

Research communication in the age of COVID-19 – a publisher’s initiatives on preprints
(Antoine Bocquet)

Early and rapid access to research findings accelerates the pace of science and is significant for advancing discovery, especially in the age of COVID-19. As publishers, we are making research available as quickly as possible. Springer Nature journals have long supported the sharing of preprint versions of manuscripts. Nature-branded and BMC journals have recognised the value of sharing manuscripts ahead of publication for more than 20 years.
At Springer Nature, we have introduced In Review, an innovative service which integrates early sharing and increased transparency in peer review with the journal submission and peer review process.
In this presentation, I will introduce the changing landscape of research publishing, particularly during the COVID-19 era, the pros and cons of preprints, as well as an introduction to In Review to show how we are promoting early sharing of research. I will also give examples of different ways on how research is being made open.

Current status and issues in the use of preprints and SNS in life science research
(Hidemasa Bono)

The use of preprints such as bioRxiv is spreading rapidly in the field of life sciences. Before presenting at conferences abroad, I regularly upload the preprint for that presentation.
In addition, social networking services (SNS) for researchers, such as ResearchGate, have become popular and are revolutionizing conventional scholarly communication, such as electronic reprint requests and post-doctoral applications through these sites.
However, many problems have been pointed out in terms of quality of information and delivery of paid content. In this talk, I will introduce the current status of the usage of preprints and SNS in the life sciences in terms of the advantages and disadvantages of both, using the speaker's own experience.

Dynamics on Research Cycles Incited by Preprint
(Takashi Hikihara)

The preprint, which had been an internal tool in the academic community fostered by arXiv.org, was highlighted as a method for sharing information and discussing the ever-changing situation under coronavirus infection in fields including biotechnology, where this tool was already ready. Whether this preprint-containing movement creates a new or different means of scholarly information distribution can be argued by understanding the dynamics that create the cycle of research. With the position of many OA movements, we discuss the necessary conditions to keep diversity and development of research in Japan, which has matured, in the future.

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Last Updated: 2021/4/30